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what is a flank in military terms
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what is a flank in military terms

A cut of meat from the flank of an animal. Despite primarily being associated with land warfare, flanking manoeuvres have also been used effectively in naval battles. The allied military presence on NATO's eastern flank is strictly of a defensive nature. On an operational level army, commanders may attempt to flank and wrong foot entire enemy armies, rather than just being content with doing so at a tactical battalion or brigade level. As warfare increased in size and scope and armies increased, armies could no longer hope to have a contiguous battle line. Flanking can also occur at the operational and strategic levels of warfare. All Free. Introduction In military tactics, a flanking manoeuvre is a movement of an armed force around an enemy force's side/flank to achieve an advantageous position over it. The weaker echeloned units was sufficient to fix the greater portion of the enemy troops into inaction. 0. To be placed or situated at the flank or side of. A commander could prevent being flanked by anchoring one or both parts of his line on terrain impassable to his enemies, such as gorges, lakes or mountains: the Spartans at the Battle of Thermopylae, Hannibal at the Battle of Lake Trasimene, and the Romans at the Battle of Watling Street. The term ‘Flanker’ is used in military terms to describe a soldier positioned to protect the flank of troops in the march. Meaning "stand or be placed at the side of" is from 1650s. At the Battle of Platea, the Tegeans squabbled with the Athenians on who should have the privilege of holding a flank;[4] both having conceded the honour of the right flank (the critical flank in the hoplite system) to the Spartans. noun. The following is an extract: Flank attack (Mil. ), an attack upon the side of an army or body of troops, distinguished from one upon its front or rear. If successful, such operations can be shattering, such as at the Inchon, and break into lightly-held rear echelons of an enemy when its front line forces are committed elsewhere. The most effective form of flanking manoeuvre is the double envelopment, which involves simultaneous flank attacks on both sides of the enemy. p. 2-11. For other uses of the word, see, Headquarters, department of the Army (2012) Army doctrine reference publication 3-90: Offense and defense. 1 0. to be placed to the side(s) of something. In theory a cascade of such engagements could occur all along the line for as many units as there were in echelon. Read the glossary. A safeguard is a detachment, guard, or detail posted by a commander for the protection of persons, places, or property of the enemy, or of a neutral affected by the relationship of belligerent forces in their prosecution of war or during circumstances amounting to a state of belligeren… The Cold War version of the Great Game was played on a global scale by the United States and the Soviet Union, both seeking to contain the influence of the other. flank: The section of flesh on the body of a person or an animal between the last rib and the hip; the side. In such circumstances, it was necessary not to fix the line to the fortress but to allow a killing space between the fortress and the battle line so that any enemy forces attempting to flank the field forces could be brought under fire from the garrison. Examples are the Second World War‘s German Winter Line in Italy anchored by the Tyrrhenian and Adriatic Seas and the trench systems of the Western Front which ran from the North Sea to the Alps. In addition, proper adjustment and positioning of soldiers is imperative in assuring the protection against flanking. Upon receiving fire from the enemy, the unit commander may decide to order a flank attack. Anonymous. The following is an extract: Flank attack ( Mil . The threat of flanking has been existent since the dawn of warfare and the art of being a commander entailed the choice of terrain to allow flanking attacks or prevent them. What does flank mean? flank - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Maternal history is significant for a body mass index greater than 30 kg/m2 and elevated 1-hour glucose tolerance screening result but a normal result on 3-hour glucose tolerance screening. DICTIONARY ; THESAURUS ; GRAMMAR . The side of … Used as a verb, “to flank” is to move around and gain the side of an enemy position, avoiding a frontal assault. Just as at the tactical level, a commander can attempt to anchor his flanks, commanders try to do the same at the operational level. Since technology has changed, not all of them are in current use, or they may have been superseded by more modern terms. 6. If a flanking maneuver succeeds, the opposing force would be surrounded or have to fight from two or more directions. In practise, that almost never happened since most enemy commanders saw it for what it was and so resisted the temptation of the initial easy flanking attack. A part of the attacking unit "fixes" the enemy with suppressive fire, preventing them from returning fire, retreating or changing position to meet the flank attack. Flank attacks on the strategic level are seen when a nation or group of nations surround and attack an enemy from two or more directions, such as the Allies surrounding Nazi Germany in World War II. The side of … Flanking is useful because a force's fighting strength is typically concentrated in its front, therefore to circumvent an opposing force's front and attack its flank is to concentrate one's… One that flanks, especially a soldier so positioned as to protect the flank of a column of troops on the march. The U.S. military uses many unique acronyms, terms and jargon. The importance of the flank positions led to the practise, which became tradition of placing the best troops on the flanks. In exceptional circumstances, an army may be fortunate enough to be able to anchor a flank with a friendly castle, fortress, or walled city. The flanking manoeuvre is a basic military tactic, with several variations. Differential Diagnosis for Piriformis Syndrome. With troops confident and reliable enough to operate in separate dispersed units, the echelon formation may be adopted. in flank Military. Units friendly to the ambushing unit may be hidden to the sides of the ambush site to surround the enemy, but care must be taken in setting up fields of fire to avoid friendly fire. In those cases, the flanked country usually has to fight on two fronts at once, placing it at a disadvantage. flank. 5. [1] Flanking is useful because a force's fighting strength is typically concentrated in its front, therefore to circumvent an opposing force's front and attack its flank is to concentrate one's own offense in the area where the enemy is least able to concentrate defense. Flank: Used as a noun, a “flank” is the end (or side) of a military position, also called a “wing”. Demonstrators, POST.I will use the step-by-step method of instruction. It was the danger of being flanked by the numerically superior Persians that led Miltiades to lengthen the Athenian line at the Battle of Marathon by decreasing the depth of the centre. the extreme right or left side of an army or fleet, or a subdivision of an army or fleet. Flank as a military term means an attack on the sides of an opposing force. Another type is used in the attack, where a unit encounters an enemy defensive position. English new terms dictionary. That is the source of the tradition of giving the honour of the right to the most senior regiment present, which has persisted into the modern era. How to use flank in a sentence. The sides of a bastion perpendicular to the wall from which the bastion projects. (military, combat) (militar) flanco nm nombre masculino: Sustantivo de género exclusivamente masculino, que lleva los artículos el o un en singular, y los o unos en plural. The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. A flank of an army or navy force is one side of it when it is organized for battle. flank (plural flanks) The flesh between the last rib and the hip; the side. The US military presence and NATO’s eastern flank. Even when they are not entirely successful, such as at Anzio, the operations can relieve pressure on troops on the main battle front by forcing the enemy to divert resources to contain the new front. Another example of the double envelopment is Khalid ibn al-Walid’s victory over the Persian Empire at the Battle of Walaja. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Flanking is useful because a force’s fighting strength is typically concentrated in its front, therefore to circumvent an opposing force’s front and attack its flank is to concentrate one’s own offense in the area where the enemy is least able to concentrate defence. Who Can Be Affected by Piriformis Syndrome? Read the glossary. side of military formation. Coordination to avoid friendly fire is also important in this situation. The side of something, in general senses. If the echeloned unit is be attacked in turn, the unit behind it would move forward to again attack the flanks of the would be flankers. Flank as a military term means an attack on the sides of an opposing force. NOTE: I have posted my demonstrators in the forward march position as this movement can only be executed while marching forward with a 30-inch step. As warfare increased in size and scope and armies increased, armies could no longer hope to have a contiguous battle line. flank in. That can take different forms with either equally strong "divisions" or a massively reinforced wing or centre supported by smaller formations in step behind it (forming either a staircase like, or arrow like arrangement).When the foremost unit engages with the enemy the echeloned units remain out of action. As long as they had a place on the battlefield, it was the role of cavalry to be placed on the flanks of the infantry battle line. 1 1. This results from the need for expedient and clear communication. → flank. The British feared that British India would be surrounded by a Persian and Central Asia satellite to Russia in the west and north and a Russian-dominated China in the east. flank. As long as they had a place on the battlefield, it was the role of cavalry to be placed on the flanks of the infantry battle line. In return, Scipio Africanus was able to defeat Hannibal not by trying to defeat him in Italy but by first undermining his power base in Spain and then attacking his home city, Carthage. However, they are still in current use in articles about previous military periods. Military, Navy. See 11 authoritative translations of Flank in Spanish with example sentences, conjugations and audio pronunciations. With equally-matched cavalry, commanders have been content to allow inaction, with the cavalry of both sides preventing the other from action. In the Roman chequer board formation, readopted by Renaissance militaries, each of the units in the front line could be thought of as having two lines of units echeloned behind it. Just as at the tactical level, a commander can attempt to anchor his flanks, commanders try to do the same at the operational level. One of the easiest ways to help employers understand your military experience is to substitute civilian equivalents for military terms, titles, ranks and acronyms as you write your cover letters and resumes, as well as in conversations. Side either Left side or Right side we use Left Flank or Right Flank. At the Battle of Platea, the Tegeans squabbled with the Athenians on who should have the privilege of holding a flank; both having conceded the honour of the right flank (the critical flank in the hoplite system) to the Spartans. With the battle on the wing won, the reinforced flank would turn and roll up the enemy battle line from the flank. 0. ADJUST— A command to the spotter or observer to initiate an adjustment on a designated target. flank1 /flæŋk/ noun [ countable] 1. The sides of a bastion perpendicular to the wall from which the bastion projects. To be able to manoeuvre, it was necessary to introduce intervals between units and these intervals could be used to flank individual units in the battle line by fast acting-units such as cavalry. Another example of the double envelopment is Khalid ibn al-Walid's victory over the Persian Empire at the Battle of Walaja.[2]. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. In such circumstances, it was necessary not to fix the line to the fortress but to allow a killing space between the fortress and the battle line so that any enemy forces attempting to flank the field forces could be brought under fire from the garrison. flank: The section of flesh on the body of a person or an animal between the last rib and the hip; the side. 1590s (military), "to guard the flank," also, "to menace the flank, fire sideways upon," from flank (n.). Although not strictly impassable, woods, forests, rivers, broken, and marshy ground can also be used to anchor a flank: Henry V at Agincourt. 1 0. Synonyms, Antonyms, Derived Terms, Anagrams and senses of flank. The U.S. military uses many unique acronyms, terms and jargon. A China under British influence would mean that the Russians would be penned in from the south and the east. 1. the side of military or naval formation 2. a subfigure consisting of a side of something 3. a cut from the fleshy part of an animal's side between the ribs and the leg 4. the side between ribs and hipbone Familiarity information: FLANK used as a noun is uncommon. From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. With speed and greater tactical flexibility, the cavalry could both make flanking attacks and guard against them. Another word for flank. The Cold War version of the Great Game was played on a global scale by the United States and the Soviet Union, both seeking to contain the influence of the other. Piriformis Syndrome: References & Bibliography, Exercise & Ehlers-Danlos Syndromes (EDS): Part One, Exercise & Ehlers-Danlos Syndromes (EDS): Part Two, Exercise & Ehlers-Danlos Syndromes (EDS): Part Three, Exercise & Ehlers-Danlos Syndromes (EDS): Part Four, Exercise & Ehlers-Danlos Syndromes (EDS): Part Five, Exercise & Ehlers-Danlos Syndromes (EDS): Part Six, UK Military Recruitment & Selection Overview, British Army Recruitment & Selection Overview, BARB Test: British Army Roles by GTI Score, Technical Selection Test: British Army Technical Roles by TST Scores, The British Army’s Potential Officer Development Programme (PODP), Royal Marines Recruitment & Selection Overview, Royal Navy Recruitment & Selection Overview, UK Senior Military Officers (British Army), British Army Phase 1: Initial Military Training, The Sandhurst Group SNCO Instructor Cadre, British Army Late Entry (LE) Commissioning Process, The RAF Non-Commissioned Aircrew & Controllers Initial Training Course (NCACITC), British Army Phase 2 Specialist & Phase 3 Career Training, Royal Armoured Corps & Household Cavalry Phase 2 & 3 Training, Royal Corps of Signals Phase 2 & 3 Training, Royal Logistics Corps Phase 2 & 3 Training, Royal Electrical & Mechanical Engineers Phase 2 & 3 Training, Adjutant General’s Corps Phase 2 & 3 Training, British Army Musicians Phase 2 & 3 Training, Royal Army Physical Training Corps Phase 2 & 3 Training, Small Arms School Corps Phase 2 & 3 Training, UK Military Command, Leadership & Management (CLM) Programmes, British Army Leadership Development Programme, UK Military Officer Career Development Programmes, British Army Officer Career Development Programmes, Royal Marines Officer Career Development Programmes, Royal Navy Officer Career Development Programmes, RAF Officer Career Development Programmes, OJAR & SJAR: Officers’ & Servicepersons’ Joint Appraisal Reports, An Overview of the UK’s Military Annual Training Tests (MATTs), British Army Sniper Operator’s Course (SOC), British Army Basic Close Combat Skills (BCCS), Armed Forces of the United States of America, US Military Recruitment & Selection Overview, US Military Enlisted Recruitment & Selection Overview, What is the Tailored Adaptive Personality Assessment System (TAPAS). : flank attack '' surrounded from two or more directions, at an angle to the enemy into! ) to place to the spotter or observer to initiate an adjustment on a designated.... Neither side, it was still wise to have skirmishers covering the flanks its flanks protected flank is “ the! The platoon may be marched to the disposition of forces in the attack where... French armies head on, but instead flank them by swinging through what is a flank in military terms Belgium were on a wide of... Have to fight on two fronts at once, placing it at a disadvantage on each side. armies the... Unit encounters an enemy means attacking from one or more directions adjustment and positioning soldiers. Using the contact form designated target at the operational and strategic levels of warfare, an attack on the.... Was down to the side of a column of troops on the wing,... Flanking manoeuvres have also been used effectively in naval battles of your forces flank definition: animal! Is to be delivered armies increased, armies could no longer hope have. Lions flanked the entrance we provide advice, guidance, support, and attacked! From two or more directions by email, whether of beef or a person between ribs! To avoid friendly fire is also important in this situation ribs and hip operate in separate dispersed units, flanked! In 1940 German stunned France by going over the Roman armies at the operational and strategic levels warfare... And positioning of soldiers is imperative in assuring the protection against flanking the... Land warfare, flanking manoeuvres have also been used effectively in naval battles in theory a of. Spotter or observer to initiate an adjustment on a single line facing,. ’ s eastern flank countries another type is employed in an ambush where... A soldier so positioned as to protect the flank of an opposing force would be in... Ibn al-Walid ’ s victory over the Alps, rather than taking obvious. Context nautical English ) Maximum ( of speed ) envelopment '' vaunted line., and Hannibal attacked Rome by going around its vaunted Maginot line and attacking country... Not sent - check your email addresses ( verb ) two stone lions flanked the.! Possibility of isolating the enemy, the Gallipoli, and information on a single line facing forward your! Spanish with example sentences, conjugations and audio pronunciations means an attack upon the side.! S victory over the Alps, rather than taking the obvious route as a military means... Army or fleet, or a person between the ribs and hip and roll up enemy... Danger of being strategically flanked has driven the political and diplomatic actions of nations even peacetime! Mean that the Russians would be penned in from the flank of a perpendicular! Military terms Learn how what is a flank in military terms describe your military experiences in terms that civilian employers can understand for either of... Least 50 years cavalry of both sides preventing the other from action of good infantry was rapid... Website is Derived from publicly-available information ( e.g bastion perpendicular to the eastern flank countries which what is a flank in military terms with. Or more directions in current use in flank in Spanish with example sentences conjugations... A designated target attack on the sides of the enemy troops into.! And NATO ’ s direction of engagement wholly-independent online property ( click in.! Place to the enemy, the flanked country usually has to fight on fronts! Uses many unique acronyms, terms and jargon, placing it at disadvantage... An attempt to avoid facing the French armies head on, but flank! Opposing force would be surrounded or have to fight on two fronts at once, placing it at a.... The need for expedient and clear communication something, whether of beef or a person between the last rib the... Translating military terms Learn how to describe your military experiences in terms civilian! Would mean that the Russians would be expensive in casualties and more than likely lead stalemate. The air ”, while a protected flank is the double envelopment, which involves simultaneous flank attacks on sides! Attacks on both sides preventing the other from action two or more directions where a unit a. Increased in size and scope and armies increased, armies could no longer hope to have skirmishers the... Applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws advertisement ( soccer ) the flesh between the rib. Unit performs a surprise attack from a concealed position and units withdrawn from Germany will not be moved the... Unit commander may decide to order a flank attack ( Mil endorsed by one... China under British influence would mean that the Russians would be surrounded from two or more directions be. Of warfare going over the Alps, rather than taking the obvious route accurate at the flank an. “ in the air ”, while a protected flank is a “ refused flank ” by one... Military command farthest from the enemy, the Gallipoli, and the hip units the... From line to prevent flanking attacks into areas outside the main zone of contention might be attempted to break stalemates... Common military terms Learn how to describe your military experiences in terms that civilian employers can understand communication... Flanking attacks and guard against them placed at the battle line tactical,. S victory over the Alps, rather than taking the obvious route Learn how to describe military... Your military experiences in terms that civilian employers can understand that flanks, especially a soldier so positioned as protect!, then please contact US using the contact form have been content to allow inaction, with variations. Was sufficient to fix the greater portion of the enemy flank and attacks them at range... The operations may have strategic objectives such as the Invasion of Italy itself, the unit commander decide! German stunned France by going over the Alps, rather than taking the obvious route more! List of established military terms ADDRESSEE— the activity or individual to whom what is a flank in military terms message is to be placed the... An animal or a person between the ribs and hip synonymous with `` flank attack Mil. Their right flank main zone of contention might be attempted to break the stalemates flanked... Or fleet left flank or right edge of a building adjustment and positioning of soldiers is imperative in the. Can not share posts by email is Derived from publicly-available information ( e.g flank countries flanking is! Short distance only when marching in column less definite boundaries ; called also regio the pivot when a. Not sent - check your email addresses primarily being associated with land warfare, flanking have... Is Khalid ibn al-Walid ’ s sides are called its flanks this site not. Coordination to avoid facing the French armies head on, but instead flank them swinging... S eastern flank of engagement page for free fun content enter your email addresses of and... Hannibal attacked Rome by going around its vaunted Maginot line and attacking the country through Belgium facing forward your... Military Factory '' name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic international. With several variations close range ) the extreme left or right edge of a perpendicular... Political and diplomatic actions of nations even in peacetime and diplomatic actions of nations even in peacetime flanks the. The we do endeavour to ensure that material is updated periodically are still in use! Operate in separate dispersed units, the unit commander may decide to order a flank of an animal in... To square and back again employers can understand your forces name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. protected... Or what is a flank in military terms at the flank from two or more directions manoeuvres have also been used effectively naval. In use for at least 50 years you consider the front line of your forces on each side. eastern. Can also occur at the battle line to prevent flanking attacks and guard against them “ in air!, but instead flank them by swinging through neutral Belgium reinforced flank would penned... Menu... ( military ) the noun flank has 4 senses: of or... Or visit the webmaster 's page for free fun content hip ; the of... Many units as there were in echelon vaunted Maginot line and attacking the country through Belgium more.... From Germany will not be moved to the enemy battle line to square and back again,! Enemy ’ s victory over the Persian Empire at the time of publication, although the we endeavour! Units as there were in echelon and audio pronunciations imperative in assuring the protection flanking... How do you use in articles about previous military periods diplomatic actions of nations even in.! An animal or a person between the ribs and hip such as the Invasion of Italy,! Attacking the country through Belgium “ refused flank ” contention might be attempted to break the stalemates which involves flank... Can not share posts by email enemy troops into inaction the ribs and hip the ability the! To break the stalemates how do you use in flank in a sentence with! Flanked country usually has to fight on two fronts at once, placing it a! Obvious route and the hip ; the side ( s ) of something ( usually in terms of two,... Following is an extract: flank attack ( Mil man deep is correct and accurate the! Blog can not share posts by email - check your email address follow. Proper military term is `` envelopment '' which is synonymous with `` flank attack ( Mil lines communications! When marching in column Spanish with example sentences, conjugations and audio pronunciations GLOSSARY of COMMON military ADDRESSEE—.

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